Ophthalmology Specialties

If you've ever had a serious problem with your eyes, or you've had eye surgery, you've worked with an ophthalmologist. An ophthalmologist is an eye doctor that specializes in treating conditions that can harm the eye. While some focus on surgery, others focus on general eye care.  

Ophthalmology Training

Just like a pediatrician or a surgeon, an ophthalmologist has a medical degree and completes a residency before beginning to practice medicine on their own. While some ophthalmologists treat a variety of eye problems, others are specialists in certain areas. Since ophthalmologists are trained to provide complete eye care, they may also be the eye doctor you see when you come for an appointment to get new glasses or contacts. While optometrists are also permitted to provide eye care, their focus is solely on comprehensive eye exams, prescribing lenses, and prescribing medications. In many practices, ophthalmologists and optometrists work together to provide a streamlined eye care experience for patients.

Ophthalmology Specialties

Ophthalmologists sometimes focus their work on a specific procedure or disorder. Specialty ophthalmologists undergo extra training and certification to make themselves experts in their chosen field.

Cornea and External Disease: This specialty focuses on disorders of the eyelid, sclera, and cornea. Eye doctors who specialize in cornea and external disease often perform cornea transplants and other types of cornea surgery. 

Glaucoma: Glaucoma is an umbrella term for optic nerve damage typically caused by unhealthy levels of pressure in the eye. An eye doctor who specializes in glaucoma works to combine medical and surgical treatment for positive patient outcomes. 

Neuro-ophthalmology: An eye doctor who specializes in neuro-ophthalmology studies and treats disorders that affect the relationship between the optic nerve and visual pathways that affect how the eyes and brain work together to understand images. 

Ophthalmic Pathology: Ophthalmic pathologists study tissue samples of damaged ocular tissue, and use their findings to develop new ways to treat eye problems. 

Ophthalmic Plastic Surgery: Plastic surgery is a complex field, and it can be especially difficult when it comes to repairing damage of and around the eyes for patients who have been through trauma. These plastic surgeons work to restore vision and facial structure for patients who have had injuries that have affected their eye area. 

Pediatric Ophthalmology: Pediatric ophthalmologists work with patients who are under the age of 18. They may perform pediatric eye exams, or they may do more complicated work such as pediatric eye surgery. Pediatric ophthalmologists may work in a specialty pediatric eye clinic, or they may be a part of a pediatric surgery team at a hospital. 

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At Laser Vision Medical Associates, we're here to help with all your ophthalmology needs. Call us at 310-444-1134 to set up your first appointment.


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  • "We use Anderson Optometry for all of our family’s vision needs. Recently, we had to have our youngest fitted for new glasses and he made the experience fun for her and informative for us. We know Dr. Anderson will always take good care of our family’s eye care and that’s why we wouldn’t go to anywhere else."
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